If your hair follicles get blocked in areas where you also have many oil and sweat glands, you may first notice them as pimple-like bumps on your skin. They may be in places where you normally don’t have breakouts. Over time they can become painful or maybe get infected and turn into scars.

The condition is also called hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) or acne inversa. It happens when the shafts where hair grows out of your skin, called follicles, get blocked.

There’s no cure for the condition, but treatments can make flares happen less often. A healthy lifestyle can help a lot, too.

是什么原因导致毛囊阻塞?

Doctors don’t know for sure. Many think hormones might play a role, since the condition usually hits after puberty and breakouts can flare for women around the time they have their periods. The problem is three times more common for women than for men.

It may also happen because of your immune system. Most people get clogged hair follicles from time to time, but if you have HS, your body may be overreacting to those blockages.

Your genes may make a difference, too. One-third of people who have the condition are related to someone else who has it.

医生知道是什么doesn’tcause the condition:

  • It doesn’t happen because you don’t wash yourself well enough.
  • You can’t catch the disease from someone else.

Other things can trigger breakouts:

  • Smoking
  • Being overweight
  • 对于女性来说,让你的时期
  • 激素的变化
  • Heat
  • 出汗

有什么症状?

起初,毛囊阻塞通常看起来像青春痘的突破或沸腾。他们通常形成的地方,你的皮肤搓在一起,就像你的腋窝或腹股沟。

If you’re a woman, you’re more likely to have them on your genitals, upper thighs, or under your breasts. For a man, they happen more on your genitals and around your anus. The bumps may come and go or just stay the same. You might get them in the same spot every time, or they might move around your body.

If your condition gets worse, you may have:

  • Deep breakouts that hurt
  • Bumps that burst, and maybe leak fluid that smells bad
  • Scars after your breakouts heal. They may get thicker over time.
  • Skin that looks spongy because of deep lines called tracts
  • Infections
  • In rare cases, skin cancer

你的症状可能会很快改变,因此毛囊阻塞可以看看在不同的时间不同。一个星期,你可能有颠簸渗出液体,而接下来,该区域可以被清理。

Once you start to notice these breakouts, see your doctor as soon as you can to start tackling the problem. You can get treatments that can help clear your skin and maybe prevent more breakouts and complications.

WebMD Medical Reference

WebMD Voices

Penny W., 57
亚特兰大
There will be difficult days, but there will be good days, too. Make the most of those good days.
Paige W., 27
利特尔顿,CO
Don’t scratch the itch, even when it's all you can think about!
Ashley M., 26
Cape Coral, FL
我一定要穿的衣服,是软的,但包括我的大腿内侧,以减少刺激。
Christina H., 42
Columbia, MO
不要忘记或遗失了真实的自我。你是不是疼痛,脓,血多,和沸腾。你比HS更好。
Donya W., 25
休斯顿
You always think, why me? But you can’t sit there and let your downfall be your uphill. I have to fight back and be like, no, HS can’t have me. I have HS. And that’s how it’s going to be.
Paige W., 29
利特尔顿,CO
Remember that you're beautiful in spite of this disease. No matter how tough it gets, you are loved and valued.
Paige W., 29
利特尔顿,CO
有关处理这种疾病的主要的事情是找到你的触发器。HS影响着每个人不同,因此搞清楚是什么原因导致你的耀斑是关键。浴场是伟大的缓解疼痛!
教区A.,28
Buffalo, NY
Don’t let a few abscesses stop you from living. Just think about the times you didn’t have any. All you need is time to heal.
Natasha C., 38
Detroit
I’ve learned that the scars I’ve gotten from HS are permanent reminders that I’m a survivor. HS doesn’t define me as a burden to others, but as a strong individual.
Cecile P., 33
Aurora, CO
HS is very painful and draining. Sometimes I'm self-conscious about my scarred-up body. I remind myself that I have HS, it doesn't have me. I am beautiful.
Pedro R., 43
Bakersfield, CA
HS disrupted my life from how I envisioned it would be. It hasn’t conquered my spirit though. And I’ve found new strength that I never knew existed inside of me.
教区A.,28
Buffalo, NY
When the pain gets too hard to handle, embrace it. Because it's all mental. Flare-ups are temporary.

From WebMD

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